National parks are territories of immense value for the ecosystem. National parks can be either natural, semi-natural or developed land under the jurisdiction of an independent state. An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has determined the criteria for declaring national parks which include size, the importance for the ecosystem, statutory legal protection, the prohibition of exploitation and many other characteristics. Although the IUCN defined the term national park, many protected areas are called national parks even when they don’t fully correspond to the IUCN characteristics.

 

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are four national parks. The Republican government declared two in the mid-twentieth century (Sutjeska and Kozara). Recently, The Bosnian government added two more (Una and Drina). Bosnia is a largely mountainous country with running through the middle separating two climate zones. Declaring some territories to be national parks to preserve them and to maintain their uniqueness.

 

Sutjeska National Park

This is the oldest national park in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It occupies the southeast of the country and spreads over 17500 hectares (175 km²). River Sutjeska runs through the valley and the park bears its name. Forests cover the majority of the park which itself is a part of the chain of the Dinaric Alps. The mountain Maglić, the highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina is also a part of this Park. Likewise, mountain Zelengora is also a part of this park and is described as a place of exquisite beauty and wilderness.

 

Within this natural park is one of the last remaining primeval forests of Europe named Perućica. The forest itself is over 20.000 years old and many trees are over 50 m. So far over 170 types of trees and bushes have been registered. Considering the forest is very dense it is impassable in certain areas.

 

Kozara National Park

This National Park is situated in the northwestern part of Bosnia with a surface area of 3.520 ha. Kozara is the name of the mountain but the Park includes other notable peaks as well: Gola Planina (876) m, Rudine (750 m), Jarcevica (740 m), Vrnovacka Glava (719 m) and others. Like in the rest of Bosnia the climate is mild continental. Rivers Una, Sava, Sana and Vrbas surround the area of this national park. Part of Kozara is also the Memorial complex.

 

Una National Park

Una river runs through the Northwest of Bosnia and into the River Sava. The river is of exceptional value to the local people due to its natural resources, exceptional beauty, and cultural and historical heritage. For centuries the local population used the river and the surrounding area for fishing, hunting, foresting and agriculture. In recent years, the government, as well as foreign visitors introduced some new activities such as tourism, recreation, education scientific research, etc.

There was a growing need to preserve these values so after a study conducted in 2005, the government decided to act upon it. The experts suggested the category for protection to be the Natural Park level. Therefore the state authorities finally implemented it in 2008.

The park covers the area of 19.800 hectares.

 

Drina National Park

This Park is the newest addition to the list of Bosnian National Parks, established in 2017. The surface area extends over 6.325 hectares. The park sits in the Eastern Bosnia, near Srebrenica. Just on the other side of the river Drina, in Serbia, there is the National Park Tara. River Drina is the Eastern border of Bosnia and it separates it from neighboring Serbia.

Its main characteristics are biodiversity and geomorphological specificities. It is home to many animal species and endemic plants. Some notable animals include the brown bear (Ursus arctos), mountain goat (Rupicapra rupicapra) and golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).

Centuries of Ottoman rule may have left the Bosnians in an identity crisis, but one thing’s for certain – you can never call their coffee Turkish.

 

 

Bosnian coffee is a part of the Bosnian and Herzegovinian identity. It is the symbol of the country and a part of its tradition, but also a reflection of gourmet mentality of its citizens.

Bosnia and Herzegovina has a long tradition of coffee drinking, which came in our country with the Ottoman influences from the Orient. Therefore it is right to say that coffee is one of the Bosnian national beverages.

 

 

Bosnian vs. Turkish Coffee

Preparation of the traditional Bosnian coffee begins with the roasting of raw coffee. Baked coffee beans are then ground in a manual coffee grinder. Only then in a gently heated metal pot which in Bosnia is called džezva finely grinded coffee is put to which is added boiled water.

Turkish coffee is made by adding the coffee and sugar to water, heat it until you see bubbles and serve into a small cup with a saucer. But, here is how making Bosnian coffee becomes art. Bosnian coffee starts by only heating the water in a džezva on the stove. After coming to a boil, a small amount of water is set aside in a ceramic cup. The coffee is then added to the džezva and put back on the gas stove for a few seconds, allowing the liquid to boil yet again and create a thick foam.

The bottom of džezva must be wider and the džezva should taper towards the top. Wait a couple of minutes until the coffee dregs settle and pour the coffee into fildžan (a small cup) and serve with rahat lokum and a glass of cold water.

 

Given that Bosnian coffee has been the backbone of social life in Bosnia and Herzegovina for centuries, it has evolved over time and acquired different names depending on the occasion when it is drunk.

The first coffee of the morning, which is made strong enough to refresh you and wake you up, is called razgalica. At some point later in the morning, or before the afternoon coffee, there is razgovoruša, which is drunk to encourage socializing and conversation. Šutkuša is drunk in the peace and quiet of the early evening. Dočekuša is drunk when entertaining guests and sikteruša is given as a subtle hint that it’s time to wrap up the socializing and that the guests should take their leave!

 

 

Have any of you been inspired to try this Bosnian coffee?

Let us know in the comments below if you would like to try this hot beverage in Sarajevo.

 

 

 

Sarajevo’s spirit of Olympics and flashback to the 1980’s.

 

The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games was a winter multi-sport event which took place from 8–19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, now Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was the event which marked Sarajevo for the time of being and the moment when Sarajevo was the center of the world. Mountains that surround Sarajevo were in perfect fit in order to host Olympic Games. The period of organizing Olympic games was the period that changed Sarajevo forever in terms of constructions.

 

 

Olympic Stadium Koševo

Olympic stadium Koševo is place where opening ceremonies of the 1984 Winter Olympics took place. For this event it was thoroughly renovated and expanded. It is home to football club FK Sarajevo and the Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team. The stadium hosted a major soccer teams as Manchester United, Real Madrid, Inter, etc.

 

Mascot Vučko

Even more than thirty years after You can still see Vučko, the Olympic mascot, and Olympic logo standing on a tower. Vučko came in the guise of a wolf. An animal typically found in the forests of the Dinaric Alps region. Through his smiling, frightened or serious facial expressions, Vučko gave the wolf a rather friendly appearance. It changed the usually ferocious image of this animal. The happy Vučko is also the symbol of man’s centuries-old efforts to conquer nature, to gain friendship from a beast, to make a wolf become Vučko.

 

Olympic Hall Zetra

Olympic Hall Zetra was constructed for the 1984 Winter Olympics. Described as “ultramodern” it hosted the ice hockey games and speed skating events in the Olympics. The men’s ice hockey tournament at the 1984 Winter Olympics the Soviet Union won sixth gold medal.

 

Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean won gold for Great Britain, receiving twelve perfect scores (6.0) for artistic impression in the free dance segment of the ice dance competition, a feat that was never matched.

Olympic mountains

The Olympic Mountains Trebević, Igman, Bjelašnica and Jahorina are only quarter to half-an-hour drive from Sarajevo. Trebević mountain hosted the bob sledge competition; Igman ski jumping competition, Nordic skiing and biathlon; Bjelašnica men’s downhill; Jahorina women’s downhill, slalom and grand slalom.

 

After 1984 Winter Olympics British journalist Pet Bedford wrote: “If you choose Sapporo, the Japanese will arrange a plane to visit Tokyo, and if you opt for Falun and Göteborg, Swedes will show you the fjords and icebergs. But if your choice falls on Yugoslavia and Sarajevo, you will find friendly people, a great heart, and beautiful mountains”.

 

 

Visiting Olympic points will make you go back in the time when Sarajevo had eyes of whole world focused. Fresh air, thick wood, Olympic stories and the beauty of green color all around will offer great relaxation for your body and your soul. Do not miss the chance to meet Olympic Sarajevo!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina has grown at double digit rates in recent years. Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural environment and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture, and its festivals, some of which are the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.

If you are planning to visit our country, this information may be helpful.
In this section, we offer you a guide to the embassies of Bosnia and Herzegovina in different countries.

1# Bosnia and Herzegovina embassy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh

Address: Al-Worood District – Al-Ghazi Bin Qais St. 94301 Riyadh
Phone: 114567914

2# Embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi

Address: Al Nahyan Camp, Al Radwan Street, Villa No. 60
Phone: 2644-4164

3# The embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the State of Kuwait, Kuwait

Address: Bayan Block 3 – Street 1 Villa 46
Phone: 2539 2637

4# The embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the State of Qatar, Doha

Address: Doha D – Ring Road, No. 36, P.O Box 876
Phone: 44138288

5# The embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Indonesia, Jakarta

Address: Menara Imperium 11th FL. Suite D2, Jl. HR. Rasuna Said Kav. 1, Kuningan 12980, Jakarta, Indonesia
Phone: +62-21-8370-3022; +62-21-8370-3093

6# The embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur

Address: JKR 854, Jalan Bellamy, 50460 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Phone: (603) 2144 0353

7# Bosnia and Herzegovina Embassy of the Republic of Turkey – Ankara

Address: Turan Emeksiz Sokak, No.3, Park Siteler 9 / B, Gaziosmanpasa, Ankara
Phone: + 90-312-427-3602 / + 90-312-427-3603

8# Consulate of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Turkish Republic – Istanbul

Address: Dikilitaş Mah., Yeni Gelin Sok. No: 6, Ap. No: 24 Kat 3, 34342 Beşiktaş – Istanbul
Phone: + 90-212-236-6934

Bosnian cuisine (Bosnian: Bosanska kuhinja) is balanced between Western and Eastern influences. Bosnian food is closely related to Mediterranean and other Balkan cuisines. Many of the traditional dishes have been made from the same recipes for hundreds of years.

We have selected 11 specialties for you to try!

 

1# Markale

Markale is the name for the Sarajevo City Market.
Markale have been proclaimed a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

It was named according to the German “Markt Halle”, which literally means “trading space”. In the spacious hall there are stands with a variety of milk, cheeses, cured meats, eggs…

A closed market offering lots of fresh produce from the surrounding villages. You will taste cheeses and cured meats made according to centuries-old recipes.

2# Bosanske pite

Bosnian pie is a dish that is a symbol of Bosnian cuisine.
It is a dough that is stretched out, filled with different stuffing and motto like little snails. The shape of the pie differs depending on the part of Bosnia where it is being cooked.

  • Burek
  • Sirnica
  • Krompiruša
  • Zeljanica
  • Maslenica

3# Bosanski lonac 

Today, Bosnian pot is synonymous with many things, but it was originally a meal of Bosnian miners. It is a combination of meat and vegetables that are cooked for a long time and slowly.

For this originally modest meal, there is no “right recipe” because everyone is the right one. Everyone will put in the pot of meat what they have and eat (beef, lamb, braised, pork) or combine it, and the vegetables are changed depending on the season, with unavoidable cabbage.

4# Begova čorba

Beg’s soup is a kind of soup and a traditional dish from Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is served as a warm appetizer in the form of classic soup with vegetables and chicken.

It is one of the stronger soups of chicken meat with the addition of bay or okra (plants whose leguminous fruits, full of seeds, are used to prepare meals and produce edible oil).

5# Ćevapi

The root of the word ćevap is of Persian origin, meaning fried meat, although there are traces of it that lead even to ancient Greece.

However, ćevapčići are part of the Sarajevo tradition and its culture, so they have long been exclusively associated with Sarajevo, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Ćevapi have become a recognizable brand all over the world and they have a long way to go.

6# Sarma

Sarma is a dish made of mixed minced or chopped meat and most commonly rice wrapped in pickled cabbage, fresh cabbage or vine leaves.

7# Tarhana

Tarhana, tarana, or as it is called Bosnian trahana, has as many ways of preparation as it calls itself: Sarajevska, Mostarska, Jajčanska, Bihaćka…

Sometimes the dough, as well as other preparation and “assembling” of tarhana, vary from mahala to mahala.

The way of making tarhana soup also has its beginnings in Turkish culinary culture, but dozens of variants of this soup have developed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as throughout the Balkans.

8# Dolma

These are stuffed vegetables that originally originated in the Middle East and surrounding areas, the Balkans, the Caucasus, Russia and Central Asia.

The stuffing may or may not contain meat. It usually contains olive oil, rice or cereal stuffing, very often bulgur, couscous, beans, lentils, raisins or other berries, pine nuts and other nuts.

In either case, whether it is stuffing containing meat or not, the abundant use of herbs, mint, dill, parsley and various spices is common.


9# Klepe

Klepé is a traditional dish served in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Simply put klepe are cooked dough filled with meat. The wedges or kulaks are similar to ravioli, just triangle-shaped and filled with meat.

10# Pura

It is made from boiled corn flour.
Pura used to be considered “poor” food. Today’s gastronomic offer combines this very healthy porridge with supplements that make it a specialty that even the most discerning gourmets can enjoy.

You can combine puru with almost all the foods you normally use in your kitchen.

11# Ja(g)njetina

What makes Jablanica, a town in Herzegovina, recognizable is the roast lamb, which is known globally and attracts tourists from our country as well as from our borders, most often tourists from countries from the Arabian Peninsula, then our diaspora and neighboring countries.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of Europe’s most visually stunning places worth visiting. Located in the western Balkans, bordering Croatia to the north, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast. Bosnia is a remarkable place where the East meets the West.

It has rugged beautiful terrain, a unique mix of cultures and faiths and kind and welcoming people. Also, it has numerous medieval castle ruins, impressive waterfalls, bargain value skiing, and some of the most captivating sightseeing in southeastern Europe.

A visit to Bosnia offers an opportunity to sample the cultures of three major faiths all come together in this small area.

You will hear the Muslim call to prayer over the minarets, inhale incense in a mystical feeling Serbian Orthodox church, and hear the subtle clicking of rosary bead in a Roman Catholic church, all in the same day.

The county has become popular in recent years thanks to the increasing tourism and cheaper prices.

1# Sarajevo, the current capital city of Bosnia

2# The country is nicknamed the “Heart Shaped Land” due to the country’s slight heart shape.

 

3# The name “Bosnia” comes from an Indo-European word Bosana, which means water.

4# Bosnia and Herzegovina consist of two Entities – the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic Srpska.

5# The currency is Bosnian Convertible Mark, currency code is BAM and the symbol is KM.

6# Sarajevo hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics.

7# Sarajevo Film Festival has become the largest and most famous film festival in the Balkans and South-East Europe.

8# Bosnian coffee has been the backbone of social life in Bosnia and Herzegovina for centuries.

9# Trams were first regularly used in Europe in Sarajevo, starting in 1885.

10# There are three official languages which are all really the same.

 

11# It has the last remaining jungle in Europe at Perućica.

 

12# Bosnia and Herzegovina have a Pyramid.

 

13# 3.5 million people live in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

14# The life expectancy in Bosnia is 75 years.

Hope you enjoyed our little lession about Bosnia and Herzegovina!

Let’s hear your comments!