National parks are territories of immense value for the ecosystem. National parks can be either natural, semi-natural or developed land under the jurisdiction of an independent state. An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has determined the criteria for declaring national parks which include size, the importance for the ecosystem, statutory legal protection, the prohibition of exploitation and many other characteristics. Although the IUCN defined the term national park, many protected areas are called national parks even when they don’t fully correspond to the IUCN characteristics.

 

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are four national parks. The Republican government declared two in the mid-twentieth century (Sutjeska and Kozara). Recently, The Bosnian government added two more (Una and Drina). Bosnia is a largely mountainous country with running through the middle separating two climate zones. Declaring some territories to be national parks to preserve them and to maintain their uniqueness.

 

Sutjeska National Park

This is the oldest national park in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It occupies the southeast of the country and spreads over 17500 hectares (175 km²). River Sutjeska runs through the valley and the park bears its name. Forests cover the majority of the park which itself is a part of the chain of the Dinaric Alps. The mountain Maglić, the highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina is also a part of this Park. Likewise, mountain Zelengora is also a part of this park and is described as a place of exquisite beauty and wilderness.

 

Within this natural park is one of the last remaining primeval forests of Europe named Perućica. The forest itself is over 20.000 years old and many trees are over 50 m. So far over 170 types of trees and bushes have been registered. Considering the forest is very dense it is impassable in certain areas.

 

Kozara National Park

This National Park is situated in the northwestern part of Bosnia with a surface area of 3.520 ha. Kozara is the name of the mountain but the Park includes other notable peaks as well: Gola Planina (876) m, Rudine (750 m), Jarcevica (740 m), Vrnovacka Glava (719 m) and others. Like in the rest of Bosnia the climate is mild continental. Rivers Una, Sava, Sana and Vrbas surround the area of this national park. Part of Kozara is also the Memorial complex.

 

Una National Park

Una river runs through the Northwest of Bosnia and into the River Sava. The river is of exceptional value to the local people due to its natural resources, exceptional beauty, and cultural and historical heritage. For centuries the local population used the river and the surrounding area for fishing, hunting, foresting and agriculture. In recent years, the government, as well as foreign visitors introduced some new activities such as tourism, recreation, education scientific research, etc.

There was a growing need to preserve these values so after a study conducted in 2005, the government decided to act upon it. The experts suggested the category for protection to be the Natural Park level. Therefore the state authorities finally implemented it in 2008.

The park covers the area of 19.800 hectares.

 

Drina National Park

This Park is the newest addition to the list of Bosnian National Parks, established in 2017. The surface area extends over 6.325 hectares. The park sits in the Eastern Bosnia, near Srebrenica. Just on the other side of the river Drina, in Serbia, there is the National Park Tara. River Drina is the Eastern border of Bosnia and it separates it from neighboring Serbia.

Its main characteristics are biodiversity and geomorphological specificities. It is home to many animal species and endemic plants. Some notable animals include the brown bear (Ursus arctos), mountain goat (Rupicapra rupicapra) and golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).

Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of Europe’s most visually stunning places worth visiting. Located in the western Balkans, bordering Croatia to the north, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast. Bosnia is a remarkable place where the East meets the West.

It has rugged beautiful terrain, a unique mix of cultures and faiths and kind and welcoming people. Also, it has numerous medieval castle ruins, impressive waterfalls, bargain value skiing, and some of the most captivating sightseeing in southeastern Europe.

A visit to Bosnia offers an opportunity to sample the cultures of three major faiths all come together in this small area.

You will hear the Muslim call to prayer over the minarets, inhale incense in a mystical feeling Serbian Orthodox church, and hear the subtle clicking of rosary bead in a Roman Catholic church, all in the same day.

The county has become popular in recent years thanks to the increasing tourism and cheaper prices.

1# Sarajevo, the current capital city of Bosnia

2# The country is nicknamed the “Heart Shaped Land” due to the country’s slight heart shape.

 

3# The name “Bosnia” comes from an Indo-European word Bosana, which means water.

4# Bosnia and Herzegovina consist of two Entities – the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic Srpska.

5# The currency is Bosnian Convertible Mark, currency code is BAM and the symbol is KM.

6# Sarajevo hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics.

7# Sarajevo Film Festival has become the largest and most famous film festival in the Balkans and South-East Europe.

8# Bosnian coffee has been the backbone of social life in Bosnia and Herzegovina for centuries.

9# Trams were first regularly used in Europe in Sarajevo, starting in 1885.

10# There are three official languages which are all really the same.

 

11# It has the last remaining jungle in Europe at Perućica.

 

12# Bosnia and Herzegovina have a Pyramid.

 

13# 3.5 million people live in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

14# The life expectancy in Bosnia is 75 years.

Hope you enjoyed our little lession about Bosnia and Herzegovina!

Let’s hear your comments!